Early or premature menopause can be a cause of immense emotional disturbance to any woman as it means termination of her reproductive life. In medical science a woman who attains her menopause before 40 is usually called early menopause. There are many reasons that play a pivotal role behind early or premature menopause.

menopause in women
menopause in women

We share a few probable reasons that contribute to early menopause in women:

Natural causes for early menopause

  1. Chromosomal Deformity

    At times due to defects in the chromosomes can lead to termination of the menstrual cycle. Women who are born with Turner’s syndrome have partially formed X chromosomes or maybe without the X chromosomes. As a result, their ovaries are not formed properly and menopause occurs early in those women.

  2. Genetic Factor

    Women who have a legacy of early menopause in their paternal or maternal side are likely to have the same.

  3. Autoimmune Diseases

    Our body usually produces immunity against diseases to fight them naturally. Often the immunity attacks the ovaries which prevents them from making hormones. Women suffering from thyroid problems and rheumatoid arthritis have high risks for early menopause.

Natural causes for early menopause
Natural causes for early menopause
  1. Premature ovarian failure (POF) –

    When a woman stops production of eggs that condition is called premature menopause. The hormones are ceased that cause ovulation. It may be due to autoimmune diseases or genetic predisposition. Premature ovarian failure is also caused due to Epilepsy, a disease that stems from our brain.

  2. Lifestyle factors

     Unhealthy lifestyle viz. smoking, lack of exposure to sunlight, lack of regular exercise, vegan diet and BMI factors are the chief causes behind early menopause.

Medical causes for early or premature menopause

  1. Chemotherapy or radiation in the pelvic region

    When radiation or chemotherapy is given to the pelvic region it might damage the ovaries and menstruation may be stopped. The risk of early menopause depends on the amount and duration of the radiation given to the patient.

  2. Removal of the reproductive organs (hysterectomy or oophorectomy)

    At times due to the growth of malignant tumors the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tube may be removed to prevent the spreading of the cancerous cells to other organs of the body. In such cases, the production of the hormones and eggs is suddenly stopped and menopause is accelerated.

  3. Tubal ligation-

    It has been found that women who undergo tubal ligation often have early menopause than normal ones.

effects menopause in women
effects menopause in women
  1. Infectious diseases-

    It has been found that infectious diseases like tuberculosis, mumps, can damage the functionality of the ovaries causing early menopause to the patient.

  2. HIV/AIDS

Women suffering from HIV or AIDS are more susceptible to early menopause if the virus is not well controlled through medication than normal women.

  1. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)

Researches infer that women with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) or Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) (common symptoms are extreme fatigue, joint pain, unrefreshing sleep, memory loss, etc) are at high risk of early menopause.

menopause in women
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)

Apart from the medical and natural causes for early or premature menopause, another big factor is stress. It is not directly linked to menopause but it aggravates all the other problems. Reading this article you must have gained considerable knowledge about this serious problem women across the world are facing in their lives. Enlighten yourself as well as your tribe and move towards a healthier life!

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