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What Is Cardiovascular Disease And What You Should Know

In this article we are going to tell you what is cardiovascular disease or CVD. To begin with you should know the cause. There are multiple reasons like socio-economic issues related to behavior and environmental factors. Apart from these, high blood pressure, an unhealthy diet, diabetes, air pollution, obesity, high cholesterol, blood pressure, kidney disease, physical inactiveness, harmful use of tobacco and alcohol can also be the cause. Family history, sex and ethnic background also play major role in CVD. 

Cardiovascular disease

Our heart is actually a muscular organ. It helps pump blood throughout your body via the circulatory system. The oxygenated blood carries nutrients and oxygen to the other organs and tissues via blood vessels. It also carries away metabolic waste like carbon dioxide. 

FACT: A heart beats 100,000 times. On an average the heart pumps up-to 7,500 liters of blood daily. 

Risk factors of cardiovascular disease 

An unhealthy diet is one of the biggest causes of heart and stroke problems. Physical inactivity, usage of tobacco or excess use of alcohol also can cause heart disease and stroke in a person.  These behavioral factors are counted as risk factors. They are responsible for elevating blood pressure, blood glucose, and blood lipids. They also cause obesity and can make you gain weight as well. 

They are also known as “intermediate risk factors”. You can get them measured at your primary care facility.¬† And if your lab reports show high signs of any, you are at a risk of heart disease and stroke.¬†

Common symptoms of cardiovascular disease 

Although there is no specific symptom for the underlying disease of the blood vessels itself. However, a heart attack or a stroke is the first sign you have heart issues or suffered a stroke. Nonetheless, there are some signs that can point towards CVD and they are:

  • Pain or discomfort in the center of your chest
  • Pain or discomfort in the left shoulder, elbows, back, jaw, or in the arms
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Shortness of breath, vomiting or nausea¬†
  • Fainting, light-headed feeling, cold sweat, turning pale.¬†

Signs you could suffer a stroke:

  • Sudden weakness of the face, leg or arm
  • Weakness in one side of the body

Cardiovascular disease

Sudden onset signs:

  • Confusion feeling
  • Difficult in speaking
  • Unable to understand someone speaking
  • Difficulty in seeing
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Dizziness, losing balance or coordination
  • Severe headache for no apparent reason
  • Unconsciousness

 

If you feel or someone around you is experiencing these signs, you should consult with the doctor at once. 

If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should seek medical care immediately.

How Do You Suffer A Heart Attack

When your blood flow gets blacked by a blood clot, your heart suffers a heart attack. If the blood flow gets cut off completely, the part that is getting supplied by that artery will soon die. 

Thankfully, for most the first heart attack is not fatal. Most of them are able to get back to their normal lives. They actually spend many more productive and healthy years. 

But if you suffer a heart attack, it does mean you should make some changes in your routine and diet. 

And you should follow the medications prescribed. If your doctor tells you to make any lifestyle change, you should adhere to it. Remember your doctor will guide you according to the damage your heart has suffered in the attack. 

Stroke: Why And How

Ischemic stroke is one of the most common strokes of all. This happens when a blood clot blocks the vessel feeding the brian.

As the blood supply gets blocked, your brain cells begin to die. This causes the brain to lose control over some of the body functions. That’s why you might find difficulty in simple daily stuff like talking or walking.¬†

On the other hand a hemorrhagic stroke can burst your blood vessels. Uncontrollable (high blood pressure) hypertension can be the cause. 

At times the effects of a stroke can be permanent as well. That’s if too many of your brain cells die due to lack of oxygen. As there is no way to replace these cells.¬†

However the good news is, at times the damage is temporary. So, they manage to repair themselves. As the cells repair, the impaired functions of the body return to normal. In some cases, the nearby undamaged brain cells take over the functions of the affected area allowing the person to retain body functions even after a stroke. 

So, even after a stroke, if the cells repair on their own, functions like strength, memory and ability to talk can return. This process is also  called the recovery rehabilitation process. 

What if the heart fails?

A heart failure or congestive heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood like it should. Of course heart failure does not mean the heart is not beating. This is a misperception. Because if the heart stops beating, you are literally dead. Heart  failure means the heart is working but is unable to supply the required amount of blood and oxygen to the body. 

If left untreated, heart failure can worsen, so never delay these types of health matters. 

Why Is An Abnormal Arrhythmia A Thing To Worry About?

An abnormal heart rhythm or heartbeat is known as Arrhythmia. Arrhythmia is of many types. It ranges from beating too slow, to you fast and irregular also. 

Each heartbeat has its own name. The first is the slow rate known as Bradycardia. In this the heart rate goes down to 60 beats or less per minute. The second is Tachycardia, or too fast heart rate. In this the heart beats at 100 beats or more per minute. 

Arrhythmia affects the way your heart functions. By now you must have understood an irregular heartbeat means your body will not get sufficient blood to function. 

If you are suffering from arrhythmia, you can get medical help. The doctor will prescribe you medications and in severe cases, your doctor can also suggest placing a pacemaker in your heart. 

What And How To Solve Heart Valve Problems

Your heart valve functions by allowing proper flow of the blood throughout your body. But when the heart valves are unable to function properly, you suffer a condition known as stenosis results. When the heart valves are unable to close properly, they allow the blood to leak causing regurgitation. If the valve leaflets prolapse back into the upper chamber, this is known as prolapse. A heart valve problem can be healed with medications and in severe cases with a heart valve surgery. 

Some Common Treatments For Cardiovascular Disease 

There are some other treatments as well for cardiovascular disease. Here’s a bit about them.¬†

A person who suffers a heart attack should be administered with a medication known as clotbusters. But this medicine should be administered within three hours of the onset of the first stroke. 

Diagnosis Test, Surgical Procedure, Medication

When you get brought to the hospital and during the first few weeks at home, your doctor might want to take several tests to evaluate your condition. And, fill you up about some procedures as well. With the reports, the doctor is able to determine the cause of the heart attack or stroke. And to what extent the heart is damaged.

Importance Of Cardiac Medications

You might get medications prescribed in the wake of a cardiac event. These medications are given for your heart to recover with. And, to prevent another heart attack or stroke. 

Caregiver 

Whoever is taking care of the patient at home should be responsible. Make sure to give the medications on time. Keep well-informed about the medications you are giving so you know what and why you are giving the medication for. You have to follow the doctor’s instructions closely. Therefore you should not keep any question or insecurity in your mind. Ask whatever you feel like (even if the children have any concern, they should clear it with the doctor) and always take notes so you don’t forget.¬†